All about Diabetes Mellitus: Symptoms Causes and Treatment

All about Diabetes Mellitus: Symptoms Causes and Treatment


All about Diabetes Mellitus: Symptoms Causes and Treatment

Rapidly changing lifestyles, stress, depression, and anxiety have given birth to many diseases and one of them is a serious illness, which is also called diabetes or blood sugar in common language. It is a disease that not only adults suffer, but children also suffer from it very badly. According to the World Health Organization(WHO) report, around 422 million people worldwide are suffering from diabetes mellitus, of whom millions of people are in India. According to a report, about 1.5 million people died due to diabetes in 2015. Often people are late in identifying the symptoms of many serious diseases due to lack of knowledge and make the problem bigger. In this article, we will tell you about the causes and types of diabetes mellitus that can be useful for your information.

What is diabetes mellitus –

When the glucose level in blood increases more than normal level due to the decrease in the discharge of insulin in our body’s pancreas, then that condition is called diabetes mellitus. Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the beta cells of our pancreas in the digestive system. It plays a major role to convert the food into energy. Without this hormone, our body cannot control the sugar level in our body. In this situation, it becomes very difficult for our body to take energy from the food that we consume. When the increased level of glucose remains constant in our blood, it begins to harm many parts of the body like eyes, brain, heart, arteries, and kidneys etc.

Types of Diabetes mellitus –

Although there are 6 types of diabetes, but 80 to 90 percent of people suffer the most from two types of diabetes. It is – type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

 Type 1 diabetes mellitus –

This kind of diabetes is found in most young children of the age up to 20 years. Type 1 diabetes mellitus begins when our pancreas is not able to make insulin. In this, the patient has to take insulin injections from time to time to maintain the level of glucose in his blood.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus –

In type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin is formed in the body but it is not according to the body’s requirement. Most people around the world are suffering from this type of diabetes. It can also be genetic and due to obesity.

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus –

There are so many symptoms of diabetes, from which the following is the main given here. If a person finds most of these signs, then it should be checked promptly.

• Frequent urination

• Decrease of eyesight

• Too much thirst

• Feeling weak

• Any injury or wound would not heal easily or quickly

• Itching on the patient’s hands, feet, and genitals

• Frequent infection on the skin and frequent bleeding

• Too much hunger

• Weight loss even after eating more

• Dizziness and irregular heart bit

• Kidney Malfunction

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus –

• Genetic – Diabetes Mellitus is a genetic disease i.e. if someone’s parents have diabetes, then their children are more likely to get diabetes.

• Diet and obesity – The risk of diabetes is found in people who are regular junk food or fast food eaters. Because the fat found in this type of food, which increases the amount of calories in the body and increases obesity, due to which insulin cannot be produced in that required quantity which increases the sugar level in the body.

Other causes of diabetes mellitus –

• Not enough physical activity

• Mental stress and depression

• Pregnancy

• To consume more medicines

• Eating more tea, milk, cold drinks and sugar

• Smoking and consumption of tobacco

Diabetes Tests –

Levels of sugar in Urine or blood are checked for diabetes mellitus, through which the amount of sugar in the body is detected. The testing of diabetes is divided into two parts – empty stomach (fasting glucose test) and after eating food(postprandial glucose test).

• Empty stomach (fasting glucose test) – In empty stomach blood, the level of sugar found in a normal human is from 80 to 120 mg/dl. If the quantity is between 120 to 140 mg/dl then it is considered to be the starting stage of diabetes and if the amount is more than 140 mg/dl, then it is considered to be the root condition of diabetes.

• After eating the food (postprandial glucose test) – Similarly, after 2 hours of eating food, if the sugar level is found to be less than 120-125 mg/dl in blood test, then it is normal and if its volume is 145 mg/dl or more, then it is a sign of diabetes.

Treatment and prevention of Diabetes Mellitus –

If you are glucose level is very high or have been suffering long from diabetes, do not take any steps without consulting any doctor. If a person has an initial symptom of diabetes, then he can induce some methods to get rid of it.

• One cause of diabetes is anxiety or stress, so do not take any stress as much as possible. You can also do exercises or meditation for this. Do as much physical work as possible. Take good sleep Also keep your weight in control.

• Take as much balanced diet as possible (green vegetables, cereals, pulses). Avoid fatty foods or foods that are made from ghee oils etc.  Try not take sweet things much. Also, avoid sweet fruits and juices. It includes mango, litchi, banana, grapes, chikoo so on which are not to be eaten.

• Diabetic patients are advised to do pranayamas like Kapalbhati, Anholom Vellom, and Dandukasan.

• If you are suffering from diabetes, then protect your feet. Do not walk bare feet to prevent injury. Also, if there is any injury, do not ignore, because, in such a situation, the possibility of spreading infection is high. Diabetes patients should regularly check their sugar levels. Also, take numbness in the leg as a sign of warning.

• Do not take any medicines without consulting any doctor.

Friends, health is the real wealth, so always take care of your health and stay healthy.

Post Author: Health n Meds

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